Women’s empowerment is a term used for making women successful, giving them equal rights, giving them the status and recognition and accepting and including women who are on the other side of the decision-making process into it. Women empowerment includes raising the status of women through education, raising awareness, literacy, and training and also giving training related to self defence. Women’s empowerment is all about equipping and allowing women to make life-determining decisions against the different problems in society.
Women empowerment is a critical aspect to achieving gender equality, where both men and women have equal power and opportunities for education, healthcare, economic participation and personal development. Women empowerment is a debatable subject. Many times women are treated as slaves. After independence of India, the constitutional makers and national leaders strongly demanded equal social position of women with men. Today we have seen women occupy respectable positions in all walks of the fields. Yet, they face some discrimination and harassment of the society. A few women have been able to establish their potentialities. Women’s empowerment in India is heavily dependent on many different variables that include geographical location, educational status, social status such as caste and class, and age. Policies on women’s empowerment exist in many sectors, including health, education, economic opportunities, gender-based violence, and political participation.
Discrimination based on gender is strictly prohibited. Indian women received universal suffrage during India’s independence in 1947, long before several Western countries granted women the right to vote. India was the second country in modern history to have a female leader, Indira Gandhi, in 1966 after Sri Lanka, elected Sirimavo Bandaranaike in 1960. To ensure women are empowered, the government and the public sector need to play important roles to enable their welfare in various sectors. Whether it’s providing free cooking gas and education schemes or enabling women to leverage technology, a slew of schemes has been launched in recent years to empower women to be independent in their lives.
The National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women. The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to the Constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of Panchayats and Municipalities for women, laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local levels. new groundbreaking plans for improving the lives of women, and encouraging them to think big, both in urban and rural areas have been brought into force by the central government.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana which was launched in 2015, aims to generate awareness and also improve the efficiency of welfare services for the girl child. Mahila-E-Haat launched in 2016 is a bilingual online marketing platform that leverages technology to help aspiring women entrepreneurs, self-help groups, and NGOs to showcase their products and services.The government launched the Mahila Shakti Kendra in 2017 to empower rural women with opportunities for skill development, employment, digital literacy, health and nutrition. Though the government is trying to empower women it is the duty of the society to stay with the women in India and support them in their growth this women’s day.
Finally, women empowerment cannot be possible unless women come with and help to self-empower themselves. There is a need to promote education of women, and prevention and elimination of violence against women.